write Composition It is a problem that students have to face, and it has become a skill we must have. In order to improve everyone's writing ability, the editor has organized the pupils for everyone Description Writing skills, I hope it is useful to everyone.
Explanatory text, that is, an article used to explain or explain things, theories, methods, processes, or some abstract concept. The basic purpose of the explanatory text is to make it clear. That is to say, it is necessary for people to explain or explain the article after reading the articleThe object of the article has a clear and clear understanding. This determines that the basic characteristics of the text are objective and scientific.
The first point of the explanatory text is to clearly explain the object, and then use accurate language and a variety of description methods to introduce and describe it. Commonly used description methods are defined, classified, compared, cited data, examples,List numbers, draw diagrams, etc. Define, that is, give a clear definition to the object to be explained. For example, the definition of a museum is to collect, preserve, display and study the physical objects representing nature and human beings, and provide knowledge, education and appreciation for the publicCultural education institutions. The classification is to classify the objects to be explained according to a certain standard to help readers understand things. For example, TVs can be divided into color TVs and black and white TVs. For comparison, this kind of thing is related toThat kind of things are more similar and different, so as to explain the characteristics of things more clearly. For example, comparing cities and villages, comparing universities and kindergartens, etc. When making comparisons, we must pay attention to the comparison between the things that should be comparable, not to produceYou can't just refrain from respecting objective facts and making random comparisons. To illustrate the characteristics of something, sometimes you needTo introduce its background, principles, history, etc., it is necessary to use the method of quoting materials. For example, we have to explain the Great Wall and appropriately quote some historical documents, which will help people today understand the history of the Great Wall.In order to deepen the understanding of the national spirit contained in the Great Wall. In complex descriptions, column charts have an irreplaceable advantage. Large amounts of data, lengthy narratives, and complex interrelationships can all be intuitively expressed through charts.
According to the object of the explanation, the explanation text can be divided into a thing description text and an affair explanation text. The former focuses on the cause, structure, shape, purpose, etc. of the explanation, and the latter focuses on explaining the affair. The writing techniques commonly used in these two types of explanation text also have certainFor example, the description of things focuses on the physical characteristics of things. Commonly used are definitions, classifications, etc., and the description of things focuses on the logical characteristics of things. It needs to use reference materials, comparisons, etc. to explain things.At the time, in the same article, several kinds of instructions were used, which complemented each other and complemented each other.
How to make explanations both physical and physic, and to have both form and spirit? The first point is observation. The premise of writing explanations is to be very familiar with the things to be explained. To do this, we must develop the habit of careful observation and in-depth understanding:
Observation should be targeted. Observe with questions, instead of observing flowers and glimpses. It is best to list the outline of observation before observation, and take notes and draw icons during observation. Be good at asking questions.
When observing, we must distinguish between the primary and the secondary. This requires us to pay attention to the order of observation. Observation is divided into general observation and close-up observation. The former method helps to grasp the overview of things, and the latter helps to grasp the object of observation.Details and features. From generalization to close-up, from global to local, is the general principle of observation.
Observation focuses on the shape of things. To express life and write the connotation and principles of things, you need to have a good ability to consult materials and make investigations. For example, we have to write an article to explain Luoyang Peony.In addition to its shape, color, and variety, if you can examine the origin of Luoyang peony and the scientific principles of peony peony cultivation, this article will be persuasive and make readers more deeply aware of Luoyang peony.The cultural characteristics of this. This requires us to have considerable knowledge accumulation, broad knowledge and excellent investigation ability. As a child, we should focus on the training of knowledge accumulation and investigation ability from an early age. For example, through newspaper clippings, taking notes, going to the library and readingRoom to train yourself consciously.
Write notes should pay attention to the order of explanation. There is a reasonable order, the article can be organized clearly, let people understand clearly. There are three kinds of explanation order, that is, spatial order, temporal order, logical order.Down, from left to right, from front to back, from far to near, etc. The time sequence is generally from ancient to present, from past to present, etc. The logical order is from phenomenon to essence, from cause to result, from major to secondary, From the whole to the part, from the generalization to the concrete, etc. What is a reasonable order? This depends on the process of people's understanding of things and the characteristics and rules of the objects themselves. The shape and structure of things are often explained by space.Sequence; explain the cause and method of things, often in order of time; explain the affairs of things, often in logical order.
Of course, most of the explanations will use a variety of explanation sequences. Therefore, when writing, we must arrange the explanation order reasonably and clarify the structure of the description. The common structural levels are side by side, progressive and total.There are three types. For example, when we write on the topic of "water", we can first write the shape characteristics of water, then write the classification of water, and then write the purpose of water. This is a parallel writing level. We can also write water first.The appearance of water, then the cause of water, and finally the benefits and harms of water to humans, this is a layered structure. First summarize the use and characteristics of water, and then elaborate one by one, which is the total fraction. StructureLevel skills need to be developed in the long-term writing process, and I will not elaborate on them one by one.
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