Poems Appreciation of Du Fu's "Wen Guanjun Takes Henan and Hebei"

Appreciation of Du Fu's "Wen Guanjun Takes Henan and Hebei"

[Author] Chen Caizhi

Wen Guanjun received Henan Hebei

Jiwai was suddenly received outside the sword, and his tears filled his clothes at first sight.

But seeing his wife's sorrow? The scrolls of poetry are ecstatic!

White premiere song must be indulgent, youthful companions to return home.

That is, crossing Wuxia from Baxia and descending from Xiangyang to Luoyang.

Questions

This poem was written in the spring of the first year of Zong Guangde 763 in the Tang Dynasty. In the winter of the previous year, Tang Jun fought a big victory near Luoyang and regained Luoyang and other places. On the first month of the first year of Guangde, the son of the rebel leader Shi Siming Shi ChaoyiDu Fu, who committed suicide, and the eight-year-old Anshi chaos has ended. During the war, Du Fu, who was suffering and suffering through vicissitudes, is drifting from Zizhou the government is now in Santai, Sichuan.It is difficult to restrain myself, and in ecstasy, I wrote this popular seven rhythms with passionate pen and ink.

Sentence Explanation

Jiwai was suddenly received outside the sword, and his tears filled his clothes at first sight.

The Jiannan area suddenly heard the good news that the army regained Jibei. At the first hearing, I couldn't help the tears rolling and covered with clothes. The first couple exactly and realistically reflected the poet's psychology at the time, touching and deeply.How many years of turbulent life, how many sorrowful long nights, how many military and civilian bloody battles are about to end; how many years of day thinking and night hope have finally come true, how can we not teach people to cry with joy?The performance news came suddenly, such as the spring thunder, the torrent of surprises, and the long-standing stagnation of emotions. "Sword outside", namely Shuzhong now Sichuan south of Jianmenguan Jiange, Tang DynastySet Jiannan Road and govern it in Chengdu. "Jibei", the Youzhou and Jizhou area of ​​Tang Dynasty now northern Hebei, is the nest of Anshi rebels.

But seeing his wife's sorrow? The scrolls of poetry are ecstatic!

Looking back at my wife and children, the sadness on their faces has been swept away; I was so mad that I rolled up a bunch of poems, I was so mad! The couplet turned to inheritance and set foot on "ecstatic"This is another peak of a surge of surprise emotions. "But look", that is, look back. When one intersects sadness and joy, naturally he thinks of his wife and children who have suffered for many years. "Many volumes" is a purposeless, subconsciousThe end of the turmoil, the first long-term desire buried in my heart naturally emerged: I can return home and live a stable life from now on. So I ecstatically rolled up the scattered poem book, the poet may not really need to immediatelyPacking your luggage is just uncontrollable, longing for the natural return of early return.

White premiere song must be indulgent, youthful companions to return home.

I with white hair, I have to sing loudly, but also to drink indulgently; with a bright spring light, I can just set off to return to my hometown. The Necklace further wrote about "ecstatic" and transferred to the one who wanted to return home.Mood. Singing and drinking are the concrete manifestations of ecstasy. Youth and returning home are the poet's vision. "White head" is a day. If it is "white day", it will be duplicated with "youth" in the next sentence."White head" is better. "Youth" means spring.

That is, crossing Wuxia from Baxia and descending from Xiangyang to Luoyang.

Immediately depart from Baxia by boat, pass through Wuxia along the water, directly north of Xiangyang from the waterway, and then go straight to the hometown of Luoyang by land. Weilian will return to his hometown to further describe how beautiful the journey is and howHow easy-going. In fact, the journey from outside the sword to Luoyang is very long, and the Baxia, Wuxia, Xiangyang, and Luoyang are not close to each other, but in the poetry of the heart-witting poet, it is as easy as dawn.It is so fast. This association contains four place names. "Baxia" and "Wuxia", "Xiangyang" and "Luoyang" are paired with each other intra-sentence pairs and back and forth, forming a neat pair of place names; andThe words "that is from" and "the next" are combined, the two sentences are closely connected, and they are a lively pair of flowing water. In addition, the dynamics of "wear" and "direction" are related to the two "gorges" and "yang".Repeat, there is a momentum of a thousand miles.

"Baxia" refers to the upper valley of the Jialing River in northeastern Sichuan, not the Three Gorges of Badong. "Wuxia" is one of the Three Gorges in the east of Wushan County, Sichuan Province today. "Xiangyang" is now in Xiangfan City, Hubei Province, and Du Fu's ancestral home is here..From Xiangyang to Luoyang, to change to land, so use the word "xiang". "Luoyang", now belongs to Henan. Du Fu was born in Gongxian, Henan, and moved to Luoyang when he was three years old, so he often uses Luoyang as his hometown. After the sentence, the author originally noted: "Yu Tianyuan is in Tokyo. "Tokyo is Luoyang.

Comment

The beauty of Du Shi, there are winners with fate, winners with text, winners with bad quality, winners with haste. This is the last case. Puqi of the Qing DynastyLong's "Reading Du Xinjie" said that this was "the first quick poem of Du Lao's life", which should be due to the great joy after the great sorrow. Depression for many years, swept away, how can it be unpleasant?Can you please?

1,450 poems by Du Shi, not many are happy. This one changes its usual gloomy and frustrating style, and the temperament overflows between pen and ink. The first two couplets wrote about the joy of hearing Xie Xun, the last twoThe enthusiasm for returning hometown is enthusiastic. Except for the first narrative point, the rest of the sentences express ecstasy. Generally speaking, sadness is easy to move, and joy is difficult to describe. Although this is a law poem,But there is no sense of restraint in the rhythm. The momentum is like wind and electricity, the rhythm is like the rapids and rapids of a waterfall, and the whole chapter is like flowing clouds and flowing water.This poem strongly expresses the ecstasy of the long-lost people when they heard the end of the war, so I have not touched the hearts of the exiles in the troubled world for thousands of years.

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