The wind hurries the sky, the ape screams, and the white bird flies back.
Endless falling trees, endless Yangtze River rolling in.
Wanli sad autumn is often a guest, more than a century of illness alone on the stage.
Difficulties, hatred, and frost, I pour out the new stop turbid glass.
This poem was written when Du Fu was in the second year of the calendar 767 in Quzhou. Quzhou was on the bank of the Yangtze River. The poem was seen from the heights of Qiujiang scenery, telling the poet's complex feelings of wandering and loneliness.The generosity and excitement are touching. Yang Lun praised this poem as "Du Ji's Seven-character Rhythm Poem" "Du Shi Jing Luan", and Hu Yinglin's "Poem Luan" emphasized the poem's magnificence, which is the crown of ancient and modern Seven-character Rhythm.
The first four sentences are written ascending the heights. The first couplets are opposite. The poet surrounds the specific environment of Luzhou and uses the word "fengji" to drive the whole union. At the beginning, he wrote a good sentence that has been passed down through the ages.It is famous that the Xiakou is more famous for its strong winds. It is airy in autumn, but hunts windy here. The poet ascends to the heights, and the sound of "High Ape Changxiao" is heard in the gorge."The sorrow turns forever" "Shui Jing Zhu · Jiang Shui". The poet moves his gaze and turns from a high place to the river water continent. On the background of clear water and white sand, dotted with flocks of birds that fly in the wind and can't stop turning.It is really a beautiful drawing. Among them, the sky, the wind, the sand, the cormorant, the ape scream, the bird flying, the heaven and the earth are designed, and they are naturally paired. Not only are there two pairs of upper and lower sentences, but also self-alignment in the sentence."" Gao "to" anxious "; the next sentence" Sand "to" 渚 "," White "to" Qing ", read with a sense of rhythm. After the poet's art refinement, fourteen words, the words are accurate, noAn imaginary, resigning with words, "thanks axe", reached a state of wonder and infamy. What is more noteworthy isFor the first sentence of the confrontation, the last word is often slang, but this poem uses a flat tone to rhyme. Shen Deqian has the praise of "the second sentence is still reusing rhyme, and the geqi changes" "Tang Poetry".
The couplets concentrated on the typical characteristics of Quzhou's autumn. The poet looked up at the boundless, slumped wooden leaves, overlooking the flowing and rolling river, and expressed his feelings deeply while writing the scene."Boundless" and "Endless" make the "Xiao Xiao" and "Rolling" more visual, not only reminiscent of the sound of falling wood and the turbulent shape of the Yangtze River, but also conveying the sense of shamelessness, ambition, and ambition.怆. Through the gloomy and sad sentence, it shows the power of divination, and it has the magnificent momentum of "Jiangsu Zanban" and "Baichuan Dongzhu". The predecessors praised it as "the ancient and the modern.", Makes sense.
The first two couplets tried to describe Qiu Jing, and it wasn't until the neck couplet that they clicked the word "Autumn". "Only on the stage" indicates that the poet is overlooking from a high place, which closely links the prospect of the eye with the feelings in his heart."Often guest" points out the poet's wandering career. "Hundred years", a life with limited metaphor, refers specifically to the twilight years. The word "sad autumn" is painfully written. Autumn is not necessarily sad, but the poet has witnessed desolationThe magnificent autumn landscape can not help but think of the situation where he has fallen into a foreign country and is old and sick, so he has infinite sorrow. The poet summarizes the feelings of Jiu Ke who is most sorrowful and sick and loves to go on stage."Speak loudly and loudly" makes people deeply feel his heavy beating pulse of emotion. The "million miles", "hundred years" of this association and the "boundless" "endless" of the previous one,It also interacts with each other: like the fallen leaves and river water, the poet's feelings of sorrow and loneliness are endless, the drive is endless, and the feelings are in harmony with the scenery. The poem has given the general meaning of homesickness, addingJiuke's lonely content adds to the sad autumnEmotional disease, add thousands of miles away from home, people sigh in old age, even poetic see the deep.
The couplet is paired and divided into five or two sentences. The poet is prepared for the hardships and pains of the country, and the country is troubled by family problems, which makes him more gray-haired, and coupled with the illness and alcohol withdrawal, it is even more difficult to sorrow.Will rise to the horizon, but now plainly provoke hatred and add sadness, the poet's contradictory mood is easy to understand. Here the first six sentences "flying and shaking", here "soft cold harvest, but infinite sadness, overflowing"Beyond words" "Poetry".
The first half of the poem portrays the scenery, the second half is lyrical, and each has its own intricate writing. The first couplet focuses on the specific scene in front of the eyes, like the artist's strokes, shape, sound, color, and state, one by one. The second couplet focuses on rendering the entireThe autumn atmosphere is like the freehand brushstrokes of a painter. It should only be conveyed by the imagination and the readers can supplement it with imagination. Sanlian expresses his feelings, writing from both vertical time and horizontal space.With more white hair and more protection, the illness is cut off. It is attributed to the hardships of the times. In this way, Du Fu's sentiment when he was worried about the country hurt him.
This poem is correct in eight sentences. A cursory look at the beginning and end seem to be "not tasted right", and the chest and abdomen seem to be "unintentional to be right." Careful play, "In one article, the sentences are all in order, in one sentence,Every word is law. "Not only" the whole text can be used ", but also" use sentences and words "," all ancient and modern people will not dare to say, and they must not do it. "It can win" the work of the desert "both see Hu Yinglin"Poem" is a matter of course.