Poem by Liu Zongyuan

   Yuzong Yuan 773-819, a character with a thick character, born in Yuncheng, Shanxi Province, known as "Liu Hedong" and "Mr. He Dong". He ended the history of Liuzhou thorns due to his official status, also known as "Liu Liuzhou" and "Liu Yuxi".Today, Shanxi Province. Yuncheng and Ruicheng, Yongji City. Tang writers, philosophers, essays and thinkers, and Han Yu jointly advocated the Tang Dynasty ancient text movement, and called "Han Liu". And Liu Yuxi and "LiuWillow ". Together with Wang Wei, Meng Haoran, and Wei Yingwu, they are also called" Wang Meng Wei Liu. "With Han Yu in the Tang Dynasty and Song Dynasty Ou Yangxiu , Su Shi, Su Shi , Su Zhe, Wang Anshi, and Zeng Gong, also known as the "Eight Tang and Song Eight Great Scholars" Liu Zongyuan is the second of the Eight Song and Eight Great Tang Scholars. The Tang Dynasty Emperor was born in Chang'an, Kyoto for eight years 773 now Xi'an, Shaanxi Provincecity

  柳宗元出身于 官宦 translate1054 , rare talents, long-cherished ambitions. In the early years, he was an examinee, and the text was gorgeous. He was a junior scholar in the 9th year of Zhenyuan 793.Once as Lantian Wei and later as an official, he actively participated in the political reform of the Wang Shuwen Group and moved to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In the first year of Yongzhen 805, the reform failed in September, deprecating the history of Shaozhou, and in November Liu Zongyuan depreciated Yongzhou Sima In the Lingling District of Yongzhou City, Hunan Province today, during this period, he wrote the famous "Eight Records of Yongzhou" "Shi De Xi Shan Ban Ji Ji", "Cobalt Ponds", "Cobalt Ponds and West Hills", "Records of Little Shitan, Records of Yuan Family's Thirst, Records of Shi Qu, Records of Shi Qu, and Records of Mountain in Little Stone. Yuan He returned to Beijing in the spring of the tenth year 815, and was soon relegated to the history of Liuzhou thorns, with outstanding achievements.He died at the Liuzhou office on the 8th of November November 28, 819. The association is very Fan, Liu Yuxi, Bai Juyi Everyone is his friend.

  柳宗元的家庭是一个具有浓厚的文化气氛的家庭。他四岁那年,父亲去了南方,母亲卢氏带领他住在京西庄园里,卢氏信佛,聪明贤淑,很有见识,并有一定的文化素养。她教年幼的柳宗元背诵古赋十四首。正是母亲的启蒙教育,使柳宗元对知识产生了强烈的兴趣。卢氏勤俭持家,训育子女,在早年避乱到南方时,宁肯自己挨饿,也要供养亲族。后来柳宗元得罪贬官,母亲以垂暮之年,跟随儿子到南荒,没有丝毫怨言。她是一位典型的贤妻良母,在她身上体现了很多中国古代妇女的美德。母亲的良好品格,从小熏陶了柳宗元。

  贞元九年(793年)春,20岁的柳宗元考中进士,同时中进士的还有他的好友刘禹锡。贞元十二年(796年)柳宗元任秘书省校书郎,算是步入官场,这一年,与杨凭之女在长安 translate1055 , Two years later, Zhongbo learned macro-words and transferred it to the orthography of Jixiandian Academy, which allowed it to read a wide range of books and broaden its horizons. At the same time, it also began to contact the courtier bureaucrats, understand the official situation, and care about and participate in politics.In the first year of the academy, he wrote "The Monument to the Relics of Yangzi Siye Yangcheng", praising the imperialist doctor Yangcheng who had the courage to uphold his opinions in the affairs of the Korean government, and in the second year he wrote "On Defense Against Invasion".Demonstrate a strong desire for unity and opposition to division.

  柳宗元虽然活了不到50岁,却在文学上创造了光辉的业绩,在 translate1056 , Fu, prose, travel notes, fables, novels, essays, and literary theories, have made outstanding contributions.

  柳宗元的诗,共集中140余首,在大家辈出、百花争艳的唐代诗坛上,是存诗较少的一个,但却多有传世之作。他在自己独特的生活经历和思想感受的基础上,借鉴前人的艺术经验,发挥自己的创作才华,创造出一种独特的艺术风格,成为代表当时一个流派的杰出诗才。苏轼评价说:“所贵乎枯谈者,谓其外枯而中膏,似淡而实美,渊明、子厚之流是也。”把柳宗元和陶渊明并列。现存柳宗元诗,绝大部分是贬官永州以后作品,题材广泛,体裁多样。他的叙事诗文笔质朴,描写生动,寓言诗形象鲜明,寓意深刻,抒情诗更善于用清新峻爽的文笔,委婉深曲地抒写自己的心情。不论何种体裁,都写得精工密致,韵味深长,在简淡的格调中表现极其沉厚的感情,呈现一种独特的面貌。因他是一位关心现实、同情人民的诗人,所以无论写什么题材,都能写出具有社会意义和艺术价值的诗篇。